The history of roses in France began in the early 19th century. Many nurseries settled in Lyon and in the lightly urbanised neighboring towns (Guillotière, Vaise…). Progressively, rose culture becomes essential thanks to the ingenuity of rose growers. They take advantage of new roses introduced from China to create, from seeds and then by hybridization, hundreds of new roses.
By the end of the century, Lyon became the capital of the rose.
Roses Anciennes en France initiated a project of a fresco in tribute to the 19th century rose growers from Lyon. The association actively worked with the muralists CitéCréation who realised it.
The 3 arches at the bottom of the fresco were conceived as a historical library.